April QUIZ ANSWERS

  1. During WW II the Army had two (2) very important pieces of equipment labeled “The P-38” What were they?
    The P-38 Lighting twin engine interceptor and the P-38 can opener used to open c-rations.
  2. Which WWII fighter claimed the most enemy aircraft shot down in the Pacific Theater of Operation?
    The F6F Hellcat with 5168 kills in the Pacific Theater of Operation. The Mustang was second with 4,950 kills in the European Theater of Operation.

  3. What World War II Army Air Corp aircraft, which was never designed to be a fighter, shot down 3,785 enemy aircraft in air to air dog fights.
    The P-38 Lighting which was designed as an interceptor, not a fighter. It was originally designed to intercept bombers.

  4. What was the fastest WW II propeller airplane to see combat service in WWII ?
    The P47M Thunderbolt producing 2,800 hp at 32,500 ft could manage 473 mph. however, the P51H Mustang was clocked at 487 mph at 25,000 but never saw combat.

  5. Kelly Johnson, a member of the Lockheed “Skunk Works”, designed the U-2, the SR-71, and the Lockheed Constellation among his accomplishments. What other two aircraft, one of which the German Luftwaffe nicknamed “the fork-tailed devil”, and the other which broke both the current (at that time) speed and altitude records did he design?
    Clarence Leonard "Kelly" Johnson was an American aeronautical and systems engineer. He is recognized for his contributions to a series of important aircraft designs, most notably the Lockheed U-2 and SR-71 Blackbird. Besides the first production aircraft to exceed Mach 3, he also produced the first fighter to exceed 400 mph, the P-38 Lightning, the first fighter to set (at the time) altitude and speed records, the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, capable of Mach 2, the United States' first operational jet fighter and many other contributions to various aircraft. As a member and first team leader of the Lockheed Skunk Works, Johnson worked for more than four decades and is said to have been an "organizing genius". He played a leading role in the design of over forty aircraft, including several honored with the prestigious Collier Trophy, acquiring a reputation as one of the most talented and prolific aircraft design engineers in the history of aviation. In 2003, as part of its commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Wright Brothers' flight, Aviation Week & Space Technology ranked Johnson eighth on its list of the top 100 "most important, most interesting, and most influential people" in the first century of aerospace.


March QUIZ ANSWERS

  1. Largest airplane built.
    Six times larger than any aircraft of its time, the Spruce Goose, also known as the Hughes Flying Boat, is made entirely of wood. Originally designated HK-1 for the first aircraft built by Hughes-Kaiser, the giant was re-designated H-4 when Henry Kaiser withdrew from the project in 1944.
  2. Smallest aircraft in the world.
    Bumble Bee Two was the smallest human-operated plane ever made. It came in at under nine feet (2.7 m) from nose to tail, with a miniscule wingspan of five and a half feet (1.7 m). It was destroyed after crashing.

    In 1952, Ray Stits sent the Sky Baby into the air with Robert H. Starr at the wheel, and earned the Guinness World Record for creating the “World’s Smallest Plane,” a record that would stand until 1984 when Starr himself built the Bumble Bee II and usurped Stits.

    Want to be environmentally friendly while you get your flying kicks? Hop into the one-seater Cri-Cri, which happens to be the smallest electric plane in the world.

    Fans of James Bond may recognize an earlier model of the BD-5J from “Octopussy,” in which 007 flew the BD-5 through an airport hanger. The updated model is also one of the world’s smallest planes. In fact, it’s often called a microjet, seating just one person and featuring a wing span of no more than 21 feet.

  3. The fastest aircraft in the world.
    The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" is a long-range, high-altitude, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft that was operated by the United States Air Force. It was developed as a black project from the Lockheed A-12 reconnaissance aircraft in the 1960s by Lockheed and its Skunk Works division.
    Top speed: 2,193 mph

  4. The heaviest aircraft in the world.
    The Antonov An-225 Mriya is a strategic airlift cargo aircraft that was designed by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Ukrainian SSR within the Soviet Union during the 1980s. It is powered by six turbofan engines and is the heaviest aircraft ever built, with a maximum takeoff weight of 640 tons.

  5. When is an airplane not an airplane?
    The Lun-class ekranoplan is a ground effect vehicle (GEV) designed by Rostislav Evgenievich Alexeyev in 1975 and used by the Soviet and Russian navies from 1987 until sometime in the late 1990s. It flew using the lift generated by the ground effect of its large wings when within about four metres (13 ft) above the surface of the water. Although they might look similar to regular aircraft, and have related technical characteristics, ekranoplans like the Lun are not aircraft, seaplanes, hovercraft, nor hydrofoils. Rather, "ground effect" is a distinct technology. The International Maritime Organization classifies these vehicles as maritime ships.


FEBRUARY QUIZ ANSWERS

      1. Consolidated Aircraft: The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was one of the most widely-used bombers during WWII, with nearly 20,000 built. In 1943, consolidated merged with Vultee aircraft and became Convair, which would later produce new bombers for the US Air Force.
      2. Hawker Aircraft: Despite shouldering the brunt of the German Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain, the Hawker Hurricane is sometimes unfairly overlooked because of the Spitfire’s fame. Hawker Aircraft went out of business after several mergers created British Aircraft Company in the 1960s.
      3. North American Aviation: Although it manufactured the F-100 Super Sabre, NAA was more famous as the manufacturer of the P-51 Mustang. North American Aviation, like many airplane manufacturers, had a difficult time adjusting to the post-WWII economy and was eventually bought by Rockwell International, which in turn became a subsidiary of Boeing.
      4. Fokker: While technically a Dutch manufacturer, Fokker was selling some of their aircraft to Germany after WWI, violating the Treaty of Versailles. The D.VII is reputed to have been so dangerous to engage in combat that it became the only aircraft specifically prohibited for use in the German air force, and all remaining aircraft were to be turned over to the Allied powers.
      5. Focke-Wulf AG: The Fw-190 Wurger became the backbone of the Luftwaffe during World War II. It was superior in nearly every aspect to the Spitfire, until the Spitfire Mk.IX was introduced in late 1942. After several mergers after the war, the company became part of the European Aeronautic defense and Space Company, now a subsidiary of Airbus.
      6. Republic Aviation: The P-47 Thunderbolt became the primary fighter-bomber of the US Army Air Force, capable of carrying 2,500 pounds of bombs, eight 50 caliber machine guns, as well as air-to-ground rockets. It was considered one of the best fighters produced, along with the P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang. The P-47 was also the most-produced aircraft by the US during WWII.
      7. Canadair: The Canadair CL-13 Sabre was a variant of the F-86 Sabre that was built by North American Aviation in the early 1950s. Canadair merged with the US Electric Boat Company and formed General Dynamics in 1952. It was eventually bought by Bombardier Aerospace in the lat 1980s.
      8. Convair: The B-36 Peacemaker was the largest piston-driven airplane ever built, with a wing span of about 230 feet. It was in operation between 1949 and 1959, when it was replaced by the B-52 Stratofortress. Convair was eventually bought by General Dynamics, who shut down Convair in 1996.
      9. Atlas Aircraft Corporation: Founded in 1965 as a means to work around the UN embargo established in 1963, Atlas Aircraft created a variant of France’s Mirage III called the Cheetah. Working closely with Israel, which was also under an embargo, South Africa upgraded their fleet of Mirage III fighters, thus circumventing the UN-imposed embargo.
      10. Messerschmitt: Initially founded as Bayrische Flugzeugwerke (Bf), Messerschmitt initially didn’t have the rights to earlier Bf Aircraft, which is why the Bf-109 was referred to as the Messerschmitt Bf-109. The Bf-109 is said to have been the most produced airplane during WWII, with over 35,000 built.


JANUARY QUIZ ANSWERS

    • When was the first fixed wing scheduled airline started?
      On January 1, 1914, from St. Petersburg, Florida, to Tampa, Florida
    • In 1936, the airship Hindenburg entered passenger service and successfully crossed the Atlantic 36 times before it infamously crashed and burned. Do you know where this happened?
      The Hindenburg disaster occurred on May 6, 1937, in Manchester Township, New Jersey. The German passenger airship LZ 129 Hindenburg caught fire and was destroyed during its attempt to dock with its mooring mast at Naval Air Station Lakehurst. On board were 97 people; there were 36 fatalities.
    • In 1918, the United States Postal Service won the financial backing of Congress to begin experimenting with what program?
      Air mail service, initially using Curtiss Jenny aircraft that had been procured by the United States Army Air Service.
    • Rose Parade: That thing that takes a couple of hours tv time before the real event, the Rose Bowl. If you can answer any of the questions below, you are more astute than the average.
    • Who first staged the parade in 1890?
      Members of Pasadena's Valley Hunt Club.
    • Since then, when has the parade been held?
      Every New Year's Day, except when January 1 falls on a Sunday, then it is staged on the subsequent Monday, January 2.
    • Why was this exception instituted in 1893?
      The organizers did not wish to disturb horses hitched outside during Sunday church services.


DECEMBER QUIZ ANSWERS

    • What well-known Christmas carol became the first song ever broadcast from space in 1965?
      "Jingle Bells"was the first song broadcast from space, in a Christmas-themed prank by Gemini 6 astronauts Tom Stafford and Wally Schirra. While in space on December 16, 1965, they sent this report to Mission Control: “Gemini VII, this is Gemini VI. We have an object, looks like a satellite going from north to south, up in a polar orbit. He's in a very low trajectory traveling from north to south and has a very high climbing ratio. It looks like it might even be a ... Very low. Looks like he might be going to reenter soon. Stand by one ... You might just let me try to pick up that thing.” The astronauts then produced a smuggled harmonica and sleigh bells and broadcast a rendition of "Jingle Bells". The harmonica, shown to the press upon their return, was a Hohner "Little Lady", a tiny harmonica approximately one inch (2.5 cm) long, by 3/8 of an inch (1 cm) wide.
    • What Christmas carol does the Peanuts gang sing at the end of “A Charlie Brown Christmas?”
      (This question is related to aviation because of Snoopy, the Red Baron, part of the Peanut’s gang.)Hark! The Herald Angels Sing
    • In what decade did NORAD (North American Aerospace Defense Command, formerly CONAD) start tracking Santa on Christmas Eve?
      The 1950’s (specifically 1955) The ‘NORAD Tracks Santa’ program officially started on December 24th, 1955 and has continued every year since. In 2004 Google started tracking Santa as well.
    • How many wise men / Magi / kings does the bible say visited the baby Jesus?
      It doesn’t mention a number. Okay so this was a bit of a trick question. The book of Matthew, the only gospel to mention the wise men / Magi / kings, doesn’t say how many there were. It just says that they visited the baby Jesus and offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. People just assume that there were three wise men because there were three gifts. But really the author could have been talking about two or seven or fifty wise men / Magi /.
    • How far and fast does Santa travel?
      Well, there are roughly 2 billion children worldwide. However, we can figure Santa doesn't visit the children of Hindu, Muslim, Jewish, atheist and so on parents, so that leaves the 35 per cent or thereabouts whose parents considering themselves Christian. Which brings us to an imposing 700,000,000 children in a night. With an average of three children per household, that's 233,000,000 stops for Santa and his sleigh. And for statistical purposes we will discount those few households that are the homes of naughty children.
      Now let’s figure that the 233,000,000 good Christian households are distributed evenly around the world , and the planet's surface area is 196,912,100 square miles (and for the sake of simple calculations we are going to treat the Earth as a square map, rather than a globe), then each stop between households will be around 0.91 miles apart. Santa will therefore have to travel a total of 212,030,000 miles.
      If we assume that Santa has to travel 212,030,000 miles on Christmas Eve, and that he has 32 hours to do it (different time zones, international date line, etc.), then Santa will be travelling at about 1,800 miles per second, all night (assuming he never stops: Some sort of sleigh-mounted present-launcher will be required to shoot gifts down chimneys while moving, possibly laser-guided. 
      And in the above calculations, we did not take into account weather, jet stream, wind speeds/direction, children that are awake (necessitating a return trip) or potty breaks.


NOVEMBER QUIZ ANSWERS

    • What is the oldest continuous airport in the U.S.?
      College Park Airport is the oldest continuously operating airport in the United States and is one of the oldest airports in the world, having been in continuous operation since 1909.
    • Every U.S. President from Franklin D. Rossevelt to William “Bill” Clinton has had an airport named after him except one. Name the exception.
      Richard Nixon
    • The Memphis Belle is famous for being the first U.S. Army Air Forces heavy bomber in WWII to complete 25 missions over Europe and return to the U.S. What type of aircraft was the Memphis Belle?
      Boeing B-17F Flying Fortress
    • What is the world’s fastest airplane and at what MACH number did it fly?
      The Fastest Plane on Earth. Since 1976, the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird has held the world record for the fastest 'air-breathing manned aircraft' with a recorded speed of 1,905.81 knots (2,193.2 mph; 3,529.6 km/h). That works out to a staggering 36.55 miles/58.83 km per minute.
    • Identify the nearby airport below (hint – initial true course is 181).


      Cordele, GA CKF


OCTOBER QUIZ ANSWERS

    • How many people are in the air right now in this country?
      At any given hour there are approximately 61,000 people in the air over the USA. During a 24-hour day, over 2 million passengers board over 30,000 flights.
    • Playboy founder Hugh Hefner called his personal jet the “Big Bunny”. What type of aircraft was it?
      Possibly the most famous DC-9 was Playboy Hugh Hefner's private executive jet called the "Big Bunny." It was used as his personal jet transport from February of 1969 through June of 1976. It had about a 15-foot longer fuselage and a three-foot longer wingspan than its predecessors. Its leading-edge slats spanned the entire wing, allowing for better handling at lower speeds. Overall weight of the aircraft was increased by 5,000 lbs. The DC-9 interior was modified to include Hefner's private quarters with its own king size waterbed. The quarters could be accessed through the aircraft's rear stairway. Also included was a bar, dance floor, lounge, sunken soaking tub, and shower.
    • Name the American, 4-seat, single-engine, high-wing aircraft, with over 44,000 built, that is the most produced of any aircraft in the history of the world.
      The Cessna 172 was developed as a tricycle undercarriage successor to its taildragger predecessor. Cessna called the landing gear “Land-O-Matic”. The new aircraft, introduced in 1956, used larger wing flaps, called “Para Lift”. It was powered by a Continental 0-300 145 hp engine. Cost was US$8,995.
    • What was the first aircraft to hold concurrent records for speed, altitude, and time to altitude?
      The first aircraft to hold concurrent records for maximum velocity, highest flight, and time to altitude was the F-104 (officially Lockheed F-104 Starfighter).
    • A popular 1980s television show featured a ‘stealth’ helicopter with almost unbelievable features and performance. What was the name of the show (and helicopter)?
      Airwolf was a fictional armored stealth helicopter in a weekly TV show. It could perform high-g maneuvers and fly at supersonic speeds.