February Quiz and Answers
      1. Consolidated Aircraft: The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was one of the most widely-used bombers during WWII, with nearly 20,000 built. In 1943, consolidated merged with Vultee aircraft and became Convair, which would later produce new bombers for the US Air Force.
      2. Hawker Aircraft: Despite shouldering the brunt of the German Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain, the Hawker Hurricane is sometimes unfairly overlooked because of the Spitfire’s fame. Hawker Aircraft went out of business after several mergers created British Aircraft Company in the 1960s.
      3. North American Aviation: Although it manufactured the F-100 Super Sabre, NAA was more famous as the manufacturer of the P-51 Mustang. North American Aviation, like many airplane manufacturers, had a difficult time adjusting to the post-WWII economy and was eventually bought by Rockwell International, which in turn became a subsidiary of Boeing.
      4. Fokker: While technically a Dutch manufacturer, Fokker was selling some of their aircraft to Germany after WWI, violating the Treaty of Versailles. The D.VII is reputed to have been so dangerous to engage in combat that it became the only aircraft specifically prohibited for use in the German air force, and all remaining aircraft were to be turned over to the Allied powers.
      5. Focke-Wulf AG: The Fw-190 Wurger became the backbone of the Luftwaffe during World War II. It was superior in nearly every aspect to the Spitfire, until the Spitfire Mk.IX was introduced in late 1942. After several mergers after the war, the company became part of the European Aeronautic defense and Space Company, now a subsidiary of Airbus.
      6. Republic Aviation: The P-47 Thunderbolt became the primary fighter-bomber of the US Army Air Force, capable of carrying 2,500 pounds of bombs, eight 50 caliber machine guns, as well as air-to-ground rockets. It was considered one of the best fighters produced, along with the P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang. The P-47 was also the most-produced aircraft by the US during WWII.
      7. Canadair: The Canadair CL-13 Sabre was a variant of the F-86 Sabre that was built by North American Aviation in the early 1950s. Canadair merged with the US Electric Boat Company and formed General Dynamics in 1952. It was eventually bought by Bombardier Aerospace in the lat 1980s.
      8. Convair: The B-36 Peacemaker was the largest piston-driven airplane ever built, with a wing span of about 230 feet. It was in operation between 1949 and 1959, when it was replaced by the B-52 Stratofortress. Convair was eventually bought by General Dynamics, who shut down Convair in 1996.
      9. Atlas Aircraft Corporation: Founded in 1965 as a means to work around the UN embargo established in 1963, Atlas Aircraft created a variant of France’s Mirage III called the Cheetah. Working closely with Israel, which was also under an embargo, South Africa upgraded their fleet of Mirage III fighters, thus circumventing the UN-imposed embargo.
      10. Messerschmitt: Initially founded as Bayrische Flugzeugwerke (Bf), Messerschmitt initially didn’t have the rights to earlier Bf Aircraft, which is why the Bf-109 was referred to as the Messerschmitt Bf-109. The Bf-109 is said to have been the most produced airplane during WWII, with over 35,000 built.


    • When was the first fixed wing scheduled airline started?
      On January 1, 1914, from St. Petersburg, Florida, to Tampa, Florida
    • In 1936, the airship Hindenburg entered passenger service and successfully crossed the Atlantic 36 times before it infamously crashed and burned. Do you know where this happened?
      The Hindenburg disaster occurred on May 6, 1937, in Manchester Township, New Jersey. The German passenger airship LZ 129 Hindenburg caught fire and was destroyed during its attempt to dock with its mooring mast at Naval Air Station Lakehurst. On board were 97 people; there were 36 fatalities.
    • In 1918, the United States Postal Service won the financial backing of Congress to begin experimenting with what program?
      Air mail service, initially using Curtiss Jenny aircraft that had been procured by the United States Army Air Service.
    • Rose Parade: That thing that takes a couple of hours tv time before the real event, the Rose Bowl. If you can answer any of the questions below, you are more astute than the average.
    • Who first staged the parade in 1890?
      Members of Pasadena's Valley Hunt Club.
    • Since then, when has the parade been held?
      Every New Year's Day, except when January 1 falls on a Sunday, then it is staged on the subsequent Monday, January 2.
    • Why was this exception instituted in 1893?
      The organizers did not wish to disturb horses hitched outside during Sunday church services.


    • What well-known Christmas carol became the first song ever broadcast from space in 1965?
      "Jingle Bells"was the first song broadcast from space, in a Christmas-themed prank by Gemini 6 astronauts Tom Stafford and Wally Schirra. While in space on December 16, 1965, they sent this report to Mission Control: “Gemini VII, this is Gemini VI. We have an object, looks like a satellite going from north to south, up in a polar orbit. He's in a very low trajectory traveling from north to south and has a very high climbing ratio. It looks like it might even be a ... Very low. Looks like he might be going to reenter soon. Stand by one ... You might just let me try to pick up that thing.” The astronauts then produced a smuggled harmonica and sleigh bells and broadcast a rendition of "Jingle Bells". The harmonica, shown to the press upon their return, was a Hohner "Little Lady", a tiny harmonica approximately one inch (2.5 cm) long, by 3/8 of an inch (1 cm) wide.
    • What Christmas carol does the Peanuts gang sing at the end of “A Charlie Brown Christmas?”
      (This question is related to aviation because of Snoopy, the Red Baron, part of the Peanut’s gang.)Hark! The Herald Angels Sing
    • In what decade did NORAD (North American Aerospace Defense Command, formerly CONAD) start tracking Santa on Christmas Eve?
      The 1950’s (specifically 1955) The ‘NORAD Tracks Santa’ program officially started on December 24th, 1955 and has continued every year since. In 2004 Google started tracking Santa as well.
    • How many wise men / Magi / kings does the bible say visited the baby Jesus?
      It doesn’t mention a number. Okay so this was a bit of a trick question. The book of Matthew, the only gospel to mention the wise men / Magi / kings, doesn’t say how many there were. It just says that they visited the baby Jesus and offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. People just assume that there were three wise men because there were three gifts. But really the author could have been talking about two or seven or fifty wise men / Magi /.
    • How far and fast does Santa travel?
      Well, there are roughly 2 billion children worldwide. However, we can figure Santa doesn't visit the children of Hindu, Muslim, Jewish, atheist and so on parents, so that leaves the 35 per cent or thereabouts whose parents considering themselves Christian. Which brings us to an imposing 700,000,000 children in a night. With an average of three children per household, that's 233,000,000 stops for Santa and his sleigh. And for statistical purposes we will discount those few households that are the homes of naughty children.
      Now let’s figure that the 233,000,000 good Christian households are distributed evenly around the world , and the planet's surface area is 196,912,100 square miles (and for the sake of simple calculations we are going to treat the Earth as a square map, rather than a globe), then each stop between households will be around 0.91 miles apart. Santa will therefore have to travel a total of 212,030,000 miles.
      If we assume that Santa has to travel 212,030,000 miles on Christmas Eve, and that he has 32 hours to do it (different time zones, international date line, etc.), then Santa will be travelling at about 1,800 miles per second, all night (assuming he never stops: Some sort of sleigh-mounted present-launcher will be required to shoot gifts down chimneys while moving, possibly laser-guided. 
      And in the above calculations, we did not take into account weather, jet stream, wind speeds/direction, children that are awake (necessitating a return trip) or potty breaks.


    • What is the oldest continuous airport in the U.S.?
      College Park Airport is the oldest continuously operating airport in the United States and is one of the oldest airports in the world, having been in continuous operation since 1909.
    • Every U.S. President from Franklin D. Rossevelt to William “Bill” Clinton has had an airport named after him except one. Name the exception.
      Richard Nixon
    • The Memphis Belle is famous for being the first U.S. Army Air Forces heavy bomber in WWII to complete 25 missions over Europe and return to the U.S. What type of aircraft was the Memphis Belle?
      Boeing B-17F Flying Fortress
    • What is the world’s fastest airplane and at what MACH number did it fly?
      The Fastest Plane on Earth. Since 1976, the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird has held the world record for the fastest 'air-breathing manned aircraft' with a recorded speed of 1,905.81 knots (2,193.2 mph; 3,529.6 km/h). That works out to a staggering 36.55 miles/58.83 km per minute.
    • Identify the nearby airport below (hint – initial true course is 181).

      Cordele, GA CKF


    • How many people are in the air right now in this country?
      At any given hour there are approximately 61,000 people in the air over the USA. During a 24-hour day, over 2 million passengers board over 30,000 flights.
    • Playboy founder Hugh Hefner called his personal jet the “Big Bunny”. What type of aircraft was it?
      Possibly the most famous DC-9 was Playboy Hugh Hefner's private executive jet called the "Big Bunny." It was used as his personal jet transport from February of 1969 through June of 1976. It had about a 15-foot longer fuselage and a three-foot longer wingspan than its predecessors. Its leading-edge slats spanned the entire wing, allowing for better handling at lower speeds. Overall weight of the aircraft was increased by 5,000 lbs. The DC-9 interior was modified to include Hefner's private quarters with its own king size waterbed. The quarters could be accessed through the aircraft's rear stairway. Also included was a bar, dance floor, lounge, sunken soaking tub, and shower.
    • Name the American, 4-seat, single-engine, high-wing aircraft, with over 44,000 built, that is the most produced of any aircraft in the history of the world.
      The Cessna 172 was developed as a tricycle undercarriage successor to its taildragger predecessor. Cessna called the landing gear “Land-O-Matic”. The new aircraft, introduced in 1956, used larger wing flaps, called “Para Lift”. It was powered by a Continental 0-300 145 hp engine. Cost was US$8,995.
    • What was the first aircraft to hold concurrent records for speed, altitude, and time to altitude?
      The first aircraft to hold concurrent records for maximum velocity, highest flight, and time to altitude was the F-104 (officially Lockheed F-104 Starfighter).
    • A popular 1980s television show featured a ‘stealth’ helicopter with almost unbelievable features and performance. What was the name of the show (and helicopter)?
      Airwolf was a fictional armored stealth helicopter in a weekly TV show. It could perform high-g maneuvers and fly at supersonic speeds.


    • Where is the tallest air traffic control tower in the world?
      You can find the world's tallest air traffic control tower at Thailand’s New Bangkok International Airport. At 434 feet, it’s as tall as a 40-story skyscraper. And yes, for those contemplating an ATC career in Bangkok, it does have an elevator.
    • In which airport(s) can you dispose of your unused marijuana legally?
      Tourists leaving Las Vegas can now dispose of their leftover, legally-purchased marijuana at specially designated bins outside the McCarran International Airport, rather than hastily smoking it before the flight, or just donating it to a "chill bro" on the way out of town. The Colorado Springs Airport features a “pot amnesty box” for travelers to dump their unused stash, no questions asked.
    • Do you take your golf clubs with you? Where can you play nine and not leave the airport?
      Have a layover in Hong Kong? Why not play some golf? The Hong Kong International Airport boasts a nine-hole USGA-approved course next to Terminal 2, and it is open to travelers.
    • Remember the 1970 film, “Airport”, starring Burt Lancaster, George Kennedy and Dean Martin? What airport was used to film the airport scenes?
      The field and terminal scenes were filmed entirely at the Minneapolis/St. Paul International Airport, due to the abundance of snowfall during the winter months there, although at first, the film's producers were forced to use bleached sawdust as a supplement, to make up for the lack of falling snow, until a snowstorm hit the Twin Cities area during the production of the film. The production staff filmed the exterior scenes of the fictitious Lincoln Intl Airport at Minneapolis-St Paul Airport. As of 2018, the airport exterior remains the same.
    • How do you reduce complaints about ‘waiting for baggage’ at an airline terminal?
      From the New York Times: SOME years ago, executives at a Houston airport faced a troubling customer-relations issue. Passengers were lodging an inordinate number of complaints about the long waits at baggage claim. In response, the executives increased the number of baggage handlers working that shift. The plan worked: the average wait fell to eight minutes, well within industry benchmarks. But the complaints persisted.
      Puzzled, the airport executives undertook a more careful, on-site analysis. They found that it took passengers a minute to walk from their arrival gates to baggage claim and seven more minutes to get their bags. Roughly 88 percent of their time, in other words, was spent standing around waiting for their bags.
      So the airport decided on a new approach: instead of reducing wait times, they simply increased walking time. It moved the arrival gates away from the main terminal and routed bags to the outermost carousel. Passengers now had to walk six times longer to get their bags. Complaints dropped to near zero.